- 20 to 50% of diabetics suffer from diabetic retinopathy or diabetic macular edema, i.e. 1 in 20 or 30 adults worldwide, and these are the leading causes of blindness among under 50 year olds and diabetics
- AMD is the third cause of visual impairment worldwide and represents 8.7% of cases of blindness. It is the leading cause of visual impairment in industrialized countries and is thought to affect 200 million people worldwide.
- Glaucoma is the cause of more than 12% of cases of blindness, affecting approximately 75 million people worldwide. It is the main cause of blindness in people aged over 60.
Early screening and immediate treatment have demonstrated their capacity to prevent vision loss or its worsening to blindness in patients suffering from retinopathy or diabetic macular edema, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma.
Example of diabetic retinopathy
- High levels of glucose weaken and damage the blood vessels in the eye
- Not enough oxygen is supplied to the retina
- The eye may suffer hemorrhages, exudation, swelling, abnormal evolution of blood vessels.